Vipassana : The meditation technique of Gautama Buddha

Vipassana : The meditation technique of Gautama Buddha

 Vipassana is the technique of lord Gautama Buddha .  The path of Buddha is considered as Golden Mean because he teaches that  there in no need to go to any extreme – neither in indulgence nor in abstinence. His path is a Golden path, which does not demand  affiliation to any idea, belief or dogma. Even after the lapse of more than 2500 years since he walked on this earth, there is no decline in his teaching or in the relevance of his  miraculous and amazingly simple meditation technique ‘Vipassana’.  In fact this meditation technique is often considered as the technique of the future because of its extremely simple yet very powerful method. For the busy and extremely complicated life of 21st century, Vipassana is the kind of friendly meditation which can be done by anybody, anywhere and at any time. 

What and why of Vipassana

Vipassana means ‘to come and see‘. To be more precise – to come inward and see. It is the way of the Buddha. He do not give sermons on reality. He only says ‘ “come and see – ‘Eehee Pissico‘. Just come inward and see for yourself the reality. 

In a single sentence :What is Vipassana ? 

Vipassana is : 

                 “To watch your breath with awareness. “

That’s all ! It is just simple . To be watchful of your breath as it comes and go. It is Vipassana. The easiest meditation technique of all time. 

Breathing is the most of important life process of our body. Nobody can exist without breath even for a single moment. In fact breathing is so important that nature has made it automatic in all living being. Nobody has to remember to breath. Just like internal vital process of our body like pumping of heart, circulation of blood, digestion of food etc, the breathing also happens on its own. Numerous meditation techniques are centered around breath. Almost all spiritual schools has developed a majority of their meditation techniques around breath. The reason for such infatuation with breathing is that it (breathing) is not merely a process of inhaling oxygen and exhaling Carbon Dioxide. Breathing, in reality, is a bridge between our body and our self. 

From the moment we come into this world – till the moment we die, we continue taking breath. Breathing is a link between our soul and our body. So when one meditates on breathing, invariably, he gets connected with his self. As already described in ‘What is meditation‘ (that all meditation techniques are the methods through which our true self is revealed to us), when you  mediate in Vipassana , you will realize your real identity – Self.

In Vipassana you have to be just aware of your breath. A simple rule is that no matter what you do, no matter in whichever action you indulged in – just be aware of your breathing process. Be watchful of breath as it comes inside your body and goes outside. Don’t try to control your breath.  Vipassana is not ‘Pranayam ( the yogic exercise in which one control various movements of breath). If your breath is deep let it be, if it is shallow let it be. Just let your breathing in its natural rhythm.  

Understand this by this analogy: Just imagine that a river is flowing. Now the flow of the river may be fast or slow. What you have to do is to sit on its bank Just watch the river as it flows. Don’t try to create ripples in it. Don’t do anything that affects its flow. Just be a watcher.  This river is your breath.  The breathing process is going on. Just be a watcher of this process. Slowly slowly as you watch your breathing, your mind will start calming own. You will see that all thoughts are disappearing on their own. Eventually as you keep practicing, such moment will start coming  when you see that everything has come to a standstill. There will be no thoughts, there will be no emotions. However, there will be full awareness. The state of choiceless awareness. In this state you will know the real you. 

Some important things about Vipassana: 

(1) Though this extremely easy meditation can be done anytime, anywhere, initially it is strongly advised that you allocate some fixed time for it on daily basis. Choose a separate room and sit in a comfortable position. Them meditate by watching your breathing. 

(2)  The real success will come when you can be aware of your breath while doing all kind of daily activities like reading, playing, driving, swimming, or doing any domestic task. However this stage will come after a  regular practice for a considerable amount of time. At that point there will be two aspects of your existence – doing and being. You will be doing everything, fully involved in your tasks, yet inside there will be a center of awareness in you undisturbed by outer circumstances. That will be the true state of a meditator – the one who will be creative outside and meditative inside. 


The Heart Sutra

The Heart Sutra

Avalokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Compassion, meditating deeply on Perfection of Wisdom, saw clearly that the five aspects of human existence are empty*, and so released himself from suffering.  Answering the monk Sariputra, he said this:

Body is nothing more than emptiness,

emptiness is nothing more than body.

The body is exactly empty,

and emptiness is exactly body.

The other four aspects of human existence —

feeling, thought, will, and consciousness —

are likewise nothing more than emptiness,

and emptiness nothing more than they.

All things are empty:

Nothing is born, nothing dies,

nothing is pure, nothing is stained,

nothing increases and nothing decreases.

So, in emptiness, there is no body,

no feeling, no thought,

no will, no consciousness.

There are no eyes, no ears,

no nose, no tongue,

no body, no mind.

There is no seeing, no hearing,

no smelling, no tasting,

no touching, no imagining.

There is nothing seen, nor heard,

nor smelled, nor tasted,

nor touched, nor imagined.

There is no ignorance,

and no end to ignorance.

There is no old age and death,

and no end to old age and death.

There is no suffering, no cause of suffering,

no end to suffering, no path to follow.

There is no attainment of wisdom,

and no wisdom to attain.

The Bodhisattvas rely on the Perfection of Wisdom,

and so with no delusions,

they feel no fear,

and have Nirvana here and now.

All the Buddhas,

past, present, and future,

rely on the Perfection of Wisdom,

and live in full enlightenment.

The Perfection of Wisdom is the greatest mantra.

It is the clearest mantra,

the highest mantra,

the mantra that removes all suffering.

This is truth that cannot be doubted.

Say it so:







Which means…



gone over,

gone fully over.


So be it!

via The Heart Sutra.

Shiva, Sutra

The Radiance Sutras

The Radiance Sutras

a version of the vijnana bhairava tantra

by Lorin Roche

One day The Goddess sang to her lover Bhairava,

Beloved and radiant Lord of the space before birth,

Revealer of essence,

Slayer of the ignorance that binds us,

You, who in play have created this universe

and permeated all forms in it with never-ending truth.

I have been wondering . . .

I have been listening to the songs of creation,

I have heard the sacred sutras being sung,

and yet still I am curious.

What is this delight-filled universe

into which we find ourselves born?

. . .

The One Who is Intimate to All Beings replied,

Beloved, your questions require the answers that come

through direct living experience.

The way of experience begins with a breath

such as the breath you are breathing now.

Awakening into the luminous reality

may dawn in the momentary throb

between any two breaths.

The breath flows in and just before it turns

to flow out,

there is a flash of pure joy –

life is renewed.

Awaken into that.

As the breath is released and flows out,

there is a pulse as it turns to flow in.

In that turn, you are empty.

Enter that emptiness as the source of all life.

via The Radiance Sutras.


The Kwan Um School of Zen

The Human Route

Coming empty-handed, going empty-handed — that is human.
When you are born, where do you come from?
When you die, where do you go?
Life is like a floating cloud which appears.
Death is like a floating cloud which disappears.
The floating cloud itself originally does not exist.
Life and death, coming and going, are also like that.
But there is one thing which always remains clear.
It is pure and clear, not depending on life and death.

Then what is the one pure and clear thing?



Here are a few quotes from Headless way.


A sudden perception that Subject and object are one will lead to a deeply mysterious wordless understanding–you will waken to the truth of Zen.  Huang-po

The inward and the outward are become as one sky, the Infinite and the finite are united: I am drunken with the sight of this All!  Kabir

In this world of Suchness there is neither self nor other-than-self.  Sen-t’san

Behold but One in all things; it is the second that leads you astray.  Kabir

When the Ten Thousand things are viewed in their oneness, we return to the Origin and remain where we have always been.  Sen t’san

Thou must love God as not-God, not-Spirit, not-person, not-image, but as He is, a sheer, pure absolute One, sundered from all two-ness, and in whom we must eternally sink from nothingness to nothingness.  Meister Eckhart

Let subject and object be so oned that the wind cannot pass between them.  Wu-men

As waves, foam and bubbles are not different from water, so in the light of true knowledge, the Universe, born of the Self, is not different from the Self.  Ashtavakra gita

But here the mind of Christ is the mind of the soul, natural and habitual to it, as something no longer distinct from itself, but as its own being and its own life.  Madame Guyon

In that day you will know that I am in my Father, and you in me, and I in you.  Jesus

When the mind becomes tranquillized and concentrated into perfect unity, then all things will be seen, not in their separateness, but in their unity.  Surangama Sutra

A tenth of an inch difference, and heaven and earth are set apart.  Hsin-hsin Ming

via Oneness.


Shiva Tandava Stotram


by ERNEST WOOD, 1931

	O prosper us, Auspicious Lord,
		Performer of the frantic dance,
	O Bearer of the little drum
		Sounding damad, damad, damad;
	As through the forest of Thy hair,
		Descends the purifying stream
	About Thy neck, from which depends
		Thy garland made of serpent-kings.

	O may’st Thou be my constant joy,
		Who dost the young moon crest employ;
	Whose breadth of brow supports the fire
		Blazing dhagad, dhagad, dhagad;
	The river of the holy ones,
		Revolving in Thy mound of hair,
	Like wind-tossed creepers, waves upthrows
		And glory on Thy head bestows.

	May I find bliss within Thy being
		O Thou, enrobed in space alone;
	Whose mind is gladdened by the glance,
		Side-long and constant, love-entranced,
	Of Parvati, sweet daughter of
		The Lord of Mountains, Himavat;
	Whose eyes compassionful, dispel
		Our miseries insuff’rable.

	In Thee, O Master of all Life,
		My heart ecstatic joy may feed;
	O Thou, with upper garment smooth,
		The passion-blinded demon’s skin.
	The tawny serpents in Thy hair
		Upon the face of Nature paint
	Light from the jewels of their hoods-
		A radiance, like to saffron spread.

	O Great One, Bearer of a skull,
		May we be prosperous in Thee;
	On whose broad brow blazes the fire
		That with its flame consumed the god
	Of flower love; who art obeyed
		By all the leaders of the gods;
	Among whose hair the Ganges plays;
		Whose crest-jewel gleams with moon-like rays.

	May’st Thou, O Moon-Tiaraed One,
		To us eternal riches be;
	O Thou, the foot stool of whose throne
		Is carpeted with pollen strewn
	From flowers that deck the jeweled crowns
		Of all the gods, from Indra down;
	Whose twisted hair in coils is bound
		The King of serpents girdled round.

	Thou Three-Eyed One, be my delight;
		O Thou, who form’st, with highest skill,
	Rare figures on the breast of her
		Descended from the hard of Hills.
	Upon the tablet of Thy brow
		Blazes dhagad, dhagad, dhagad,
	The fire in which was sacrificed
		The fell five-arrowed God of Love.

	O Thou, Upholder of the Worlds,
		Extend to us Thy blessings rich;
	O skin-adorned, Moon beams-graced;
		Thou bearer of the holy flood;
	Whose neck, enwrapped in darkness thick
		As moonless midnight, flashes forth
	Amidst the ring of gathered clouds
		Its shining light unconq’rable.

	I worship Thee, destroyer of
		Death, passion and blind ignorance,
	The castles three, the elephant,
		The sacrifice and birth and death;
	Whose graceful plantain-stem-like throat
		Sheds radiance all about Thy neck,
	Resembling with its splendour dark
		The fully-blossomed lotus blue.

	I worship Thee, destroyer of
		Death, passion, and blind ignorance,
	The castles three, the elephant,
		The sacrifice, and birth and death.
	The arts of her who blesses all
		Are like the blossoms of a tree,
	From which the honeyed essence flows
		To Thee, the bee that in them joys.

	O Shiva, Thou art conqueror;
		Performer of the frantic dance,
	Which joins the beating of the drum,
		Sounding dhimin, dhimin, dhimin,
	With melody sublime and grand;
		While on Thy awful brow the fire
	Flares with the fanning of the breath
		Of serpents whirling rapidly.

	O Shiva, when shall I with true
		Adorning equally accept
	A hard stone and the softest bed,
		A serpent and a string of pearls,
	A priceless diamond and a clod
		Of earth, a friend and enemy,
	Mere grass and women lotus-eyed,
		His subjects and a mighty king?

	O when shall I be always glad,
		Dwelling in holy Ganges’ bower,
	From evil thoughts my mind released,
		My hands before my forehead joined,
	Repeating ever and again
		The chant of “Shiva, Shiva” writ
	Upon the forehead of her grace
		The best of women, Parvati?

	Extend to us our hearts’ delight,
		O Thou, joy-giving day and night;
	O Shining Presence, Lord Supreme
		To Parvati, of women queen,
	In Indra’s land the maidens fair
		Wear jasmine clusters in their hair;
	From these the pollen dropping free,
		Exudes a salve which graceth Thee.

 	O may the world be conquered by
		Thy marriage – music benison,
	With “Shiva, Shiva” as its theme,
		When sweet-eyed Parvati is bride;
	The sound of which melodious,
		By highly-gifted women sung,
	Destroys all evils, be they dire
		As the sub-ocean blazing fire.

Nisargadatta Maharaj


Nisargadatta Maharaj

Nisargadatta Maharaj: Next to Ramana Maharshi,Nisargadatta is the most popular of twentieth century sage in the West,

Born in 1897, on the same birthday as the Puranic monkey diety, Hanuman, Nisargadatta was a contemporary guru belonging to the Ichegeri branch of the Navnath Sampradaya and a major exponent of Advaita Vedanta (nondual knowledge).

His teacher, Siddharameshwar Maharaj, told him:

“ You are not what you take yourself to be.” He gave him a simple set of instructions:

“My Guru ordered me to attend to the sense ‘I am’ and to give attention to nothing else. I just obeyed. I did not follow any particular course of breathing, or meditation, or study of scriptures. Whatever happened, I would turn away my attention from it and remain with the sense ‘I am’. It may look too simple, even crude. My only reason for doing it was that my Guru told me so. Yet it worked!”

“My teacher told me to hold on to the sense ‘I am’ tenaciously and not to swerve from it even for a moment. I did my best to follow his advice and in a comparatively short time I realized within myself the truth of his teaching. All I did was to remember his teaching, his face, his words constantly. This brought an end to the mind; in the stillness of the mind I saw myself as I am — unbound.”

“I simply followed (my teacher’s) instruction which was to focus the mind on pure being ‘I am’, and stay in it. I used to sit for hours together, with nothing but the ‘I am’ in my mind and soon peace and joy and a deep all-embracing love became my normal state. In it all disappeared — myself, my Guru, the life I lived, the world around me. Only peace remained and unfathomable silence.”

It should be noted that Nisargadatta’s unfolding took only three years. He became a saddhu, walking the Himalayas before returning home to Mumbai. Most renowned for his contemporary classic book of dialogues, I am That, Nisargadatta attracted many Western devotees to his humble apartment in Mumbai.

Sri Nisargadatta passed away at 84 in 1981